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Measurement Of Length By LDR (Light Dependent Resistor)


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Measurement Of Length By LDR (Light Dependent Resistor)

Measurement Of Length By LDR (Light Dependent Resistor)

A Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) or a photo resistor is a device whose resistivity  is a function of the incident electromagnetic radiation. They are light sensitive devices. They are also called as photo conductors, photo conductive cells or simply photocells.
They are made up of semiconductor materials having high resistance. 

A light dependent resistor works on the principle of photo conductivity. Photo conductivity is an optical phenomenon in which the materials conductivity is increased when light is absorbed by the material.

LDR’s are light dependent devices whose resistance is decreased when light falls on them and that is increased in the dark. When a light dependent resistor is kept in dark, its resistance is very high. This resistance is called as dark resistance. It can be as high as 1012 Ω and if the device is allowed to absorb light its resistance will be decreased drastically. If a constant voltage is applied to it and intensity of light is increased the current starts increasing.

When light is incident on a photocell it usually takes about 8 to 12 ms for the change in resistance to take place, while it takes one or more seconds for the resistance to rise back again to its initial value after removal of light. This phenomenon is called as resistance recovery rate. This property is used in audio compressors. Also, LDR’s are less sensitive than photo diodes and phototransistor.

Applications of LDR

LDR’s have low cost and simple structure. They are often used as light sensors. They are used when there is a need to detect absences or presences of light like in a camera light meter. Used in street lamps, alarm clock, burglar alarm circuits, light intensity meters, for counting the packages moving on a conveyor belt.

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